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10 programming languages you should learn for web development in 2020

Learning how to code is incredibly satisfying once you get a grasp on it. The main issue with programming is that age-old question “where should I start?”. Well, we are here for those of you who decide to put their efforts towards Web Development.

The first thing you need to do is decide which programming language to learn since as you might already know it, there are a bunch of. Today we will focus on the 10 most popular ones, so let’s first get started on the Front-End Web Development.

Front-End development is the user side, it’s basically the stuff you are able to see on the webpage’s interface, which is used for navigation and browsing. If creativity and designing are your passions, then it should hit the sweet spots.

Let’s get a look at some crucial programming languages.

HTML and CSS

Both of these are core technologies that are used for building web pages. HTML is the backbone of webpages, as it provides a structure, while CSS is used for a layout.

HTML gives all authors the means to publish documents, retrieve online information with one click, or include video and sound clips or other applications in the documents.

CSS is used for the presentation of web pages, and it includes colors, fonts, and layouts.

Java Script

JavaScript is allowing you to implement complex features on your web page. So every time you are having that interactive content on a web page like maps, animated graphics, and others, you can be pretty sure that JavaScript is involved.

Along with HTML and CSS, it is the third layer of web technologies, and its popularity makes for a huge community that is able to help anyone find a solution to a problem. 

TypeScript

Also called the JavaScript that scales, TypeScript is a free programming open-source language that was developed and is maintained by Microsoft. Unlike JavaScript, it doesn’t have to be compiled, so it has a cleaner code. If you are able to learn JavaScript, then TypeScript should be easy to get a grip on.

The TypeScript was written in JavaScript, and as such, it is able to transcribe all JavaScript code and run it, which makes it a neat programming language to have in your arsenal.

Back End Development is dealing with business logic and databases, it is the non-aesthetic side of web development. To understand back-end development, you should first grasp how front-end works, but you don’t need to have in-depth knowledge about it. Here are some of the best back-end programming languages:

Java

Not to be confused with JavaScript, first released in 1995 and still kicking to this day, Java is a runtime environment, designed to let applications be written once and run anywhere. As such you can run Java code on all platforms, without the need for recompilation, if those devices support java.

Python

Python a newer programming language that has managed to dethrone Java. Python’s simplicity and ease of learning the language have an impact on readability and as such reduces the cost of maintenance.

Some of the common websites that you are using today like eBay, Reddit, Dropbox, and PayPal are all built on Python, which goes to show its dominance.

Node JS

If you want your JavaScript to be able to run on the server-side, then Node JS is your go-to.

Once you’ve mastered JavaScript, Node JS should be the next step, since it helps users run JS code on the server. It is perfect for real-time applications due to its single-threaded nature.

ASP.NET 

ASP.NET is a programming language developed by Microsoft that is on the server-side. It is a framework designed to produce web-apps, web-services, and web-sites. It is based on the C# code, which makes it a popular language that is easy to read.

You might find it a bit overwhelming since it requires a solid knowledge of SQL, CSS, HTML, JS, C#.

Ruby

Ruby is a relatively young web development language, but it does have a lot to offer.

This object-oriented language was used to create a web app development framework named Ruby on Rails.

The advantage of Ruby is its beginner-friendly language, the size of code is smaller, and it is used by websites like Github, Twitch, Hulu, and Soundcloud to name some, so you should consider it a staple for a future career in Web Development.

Full-stack development is all of the above but combined into one. In order to create a website you do need front-side and back-side development, and having skills in both can make you land a far better job. To keep the list easier to understand, here are full-stack development languages of which some were previously discussed.

MEAN STACK

MongoDB, Express JS, Angular JS, and Node JS. In short, you need to know JavaScript from inside out. All of these languages are based on JavaScript, and it makes the development of a website easy. Express and Node JS are server-sided, Angular JS is front end, and MongoDB is handling the database.

MERN STACK

As you may have already noticed only one letter has changed, and it replaces Angular JS with React JS for front-end development. It was developed in 2013 by Facebook and is used among Facebook’s other products like Instagram and WhatsApp.

Both of these options are equally good, React JS offers a better learning curve, while Angular JS is the mature one, after all the choice is yours.

That would be it for our list, the perfect time for learning is always right now, so don’t waste time because there are plenty of online tutorials and courses that can help you. 

You should choose according to your preference, but be sure to follow which of these are the most popular ones. After all, finding a coding job is easy in today’s market, and the IT industry is always growing, so whichever one of these you choose it won’t be a problem.

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